Abbreviations are the principal problem confronting paleographers.
Shorthand is written by sound; thus aim is written am long sound of acat is written kat, knee is written ne.
Since we are learning shorthand to save time in writing, it is necessary to ignore those letters that aren't pronounced. The consonants are arranged in pairs, according to their similarity of sound, and are distinguished by a difference in length.
For instance, k and g are both produced in the same place in the mouth and likewise resemble each other in shorthand. The characters for the consonants in this lesson are derived from this elliptical figure: All these consonants are written forward from left to right; th and t and d are struck upwards from the line of writing.
The g given in this lesson is called gay, being the hard sound as in game, get, and not the soft sound heard in gem, magic.
The aspirate h is indicated by a dot placed over the vowel. Many frequently recurring words are represented by simple alphabetic characters. These abbreviations are called brief forms.
Some of these signs represent two and even three words; for example, the sign for r represents are, our, hour. A dot on the line of writing represents the articles a, an.
A dot at the end of a word expresses -ing. The pronoun I is expressed by a large circle written counterclockwise ; he, by a small circle. The student should practice all these characters until he or she can write them without the slightest hesitation.
Let us examine more closely the curve letters k, g, r, and l. Each of these strokes begins and ends on the same plane.
The beginning and the end of k and g rest on the line of writing. R and l rest on the line of writing as a saucer would rest on a table.
The deep part of the curve in k and in g is at the end; in r and l, at the beginning, as indicated by arrows. K and r are the same size. The same is true of g and l. Correctly written, r and l look like k and g when the paper is turned upside down.
The sounds represented by lines are n, m, t, and d: Even though d is about twice the length of t, d should only go up about two thirds of the line of writing.Nov 26, · hello friends #sscstenographerexam #booksdetails english shorthand dictation wpm,english shorthand dictation wpm,english shorthand dictation wpm,english shorthand dictation 90wpm.
variety of specific words and expressions usedin teaching/learning shorthand writing, whether in relation to the specific terminology used to refer to the shorthand signs of each particular system, or to the generic terms of this very shortened writing system –.
Abbreviation, in communications (especially written), the process or result of representing a word or group of words by a shorter form of the word or mtb15.comiations take many forms and can be found in ancient Greek inscriptions, in medieval manuscripts (e.g., “DN” for “Dominus Noster”), and in the Qurʾān.
But it was the so-called information explosion of the 20th century that. Field Notes, Steno Pad is a 6X9 double-o spiral steno book, Gregg-ruled with a soy-based light brown ink.
The covers are Newark Paperboard Mills 60 pt. ìSuper Duty Chipboard" and display within them various information including, but not limited to, the history of stenography, an abbreviations guide, temperature conversions, planetary distances from the sun and a hobo symbol quick reference.
Nov 12, · 80 wpm english shorthand dictations, sankar rao, shorthand kailash chandra volume, steno experts, shorthand stenography, ssc english steno 80 . These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'shorthand.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors.