Research consultation Primary, secondary and tertiary sources Context determines whether a source is primary, secondary or tertiary. Sources that are normally considered to fit into one category may sometimes be used as another. For example, encyclopedias are normally used as tertiary resources, but a study of how encyclopedias have evolved through time would probably use them as primary sources.
Science and technology of the Han Dynasty Papermaking has traditionally been traced to China about ADwhen Cai Lunan official attached to the Imperial court during the Han Dynasty BC-ADcreated a sheet of paper using mulberry and other bast fibres along with fishnetsold rags, and hemp waste.
History of printing in East Asia The Chinese invention of woodblock printingat some point before the first dated book in the Diamond Sutraproduced the world's first print culture. Hyatt Mayorcurator at the Metropolitan Museum of Art"it was the Chinese who really discovered the means of communication that was to dominate until our age.
Western printing pressesalthough introduced in the 16th century, were not widely used in China until the 19th century. China, along with Korea, Popular scholarly sources one of the last countries to adopt them.
Movable type printing was a tedious process if one were to assemble thousands of individual characters for the printing of simply one or a few books, but if used for printing thousands of books, the process was efficient and rapid enough to be successful and highly employed.
Indeed, there were many cities in China where movable type printing, in wooden and metal form, was adopted by the enterprises of wealthy local families or large private industries. The Qing Dynasty court sponsored enormous printing projects using woodblock movable type printing during the 18th century.
Although superseded by western printing techniques, woodblock movable type printing remains in use in isolated communities in China.
Chu Ching-wu President of the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology marked the issue of the special stamps by personally stamping the first day cover.
The Four Great Inventions was featured as one of the main themes of the opening ceremony of the Beijing Summer Olympics. Chinese scholars in particular question if too much emphasis is given to these inventions, over other significant Chinese inventions.
They have pointed out that other inventions in China were perhaps more sophisticated and had a greater impact within China. The four inventions were regarded as the most important Chinese achievements in science and technology, simply because they had a prominent position in the exchanges between the East and the West and acted as a powerful dynamic in the development of capitalism in Europe.
As a matter of fact, ancient Chinese scored much more than the four major inventions: The numerous inventions and discoveries greatly advanced China's productive forces and social life.
Many are at least as important as the four inventions, and some are even greater than the four. Four Great New Inventions[ edit ] In AugustXinhua described high-speed rail, electronic payments, bike sharing and online shopping as China's "four great new inventions".Scholarly books, articles, and essays are usually the best kinds of sources to use for a college research paper.
Here are some of the major differences between scholarly and popular sources. This 3 minute video from the Peabody Library at Vanderbilt University talks about the differences between popular and scholarly articles.
It also mentions trade publications. Scholarly Journals and Popular Magazines When doing research, it is useful to know what the different classifications for publications mean. A publication is considered scholarly if it is authored by academics for a target audience that is mainly academic.
by Robert A. Muenchen. Abstract. This article, formerly known as The Popularity of Data Analysis Software, presents various ways of measuring the popularity or market share of software for advanced analytics mtb15.com software is also referred to as tools for data science, statistical analysis, machine learning, artificial intelligence, predictive .
"Scholarly" or "popular" are terms used to describe a source's content, purpose, audience, appearance, citations and more. Popular sources are useful for getting ideas for a topic or for background and anecdotal information. Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use.
Cite your journal article in Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (full note) format for free.